Ppp techno-Economic Feasibility Study for selected State Roads in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Road




НазваниеPpp techno-Economic Feasibility Study for selected State Roads in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Road
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PPP Techno-Economic Feasibility Study for selected State Roads in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India – Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Road

Preliminary Project Report






TABLE OF CONTENTS

0.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY i

0.1 PROJECT BACKGROUND i

0.2 THE PROJECT ROAD & AREA i

0.3 PROPOSED IMPROVEMENTS i

0.4 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA) STUDY IN THE PROJECT i

0.5 POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK ii

0.5.1 Institutional Setting ii

0.5.2 Clearances ii

0.5.3 World Bank Operational Policies ii

0.6 BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE ii

0.6.1 Physical Environment iii

0.6.2 Biological Environment iii

0.6.3 Social Environment iii

0.7 Public Consultation iv

0.8 POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS iv

0.8.1 Impacts on Climate iv

0.8.2 Impact on Air Quality iv

0.8.3 Impact on Noise Levels v

0.8.4 Impact on Water Resources and Quality v

0.8.5 Impact on Ecological Resources v

0.8.6 Impact on Land v

0.8.7 Impact on Human Use Values v

0.9 ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES v

0.10 MITIGATION AVOIDANCE AND ENHANCEMENT MEASURES v

0.11 INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN v

0.12 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN vi

0.13 CONCLUSIONS vi

1.INTRODUCTORY BACKGROUND 1

1.1 INTRODUCTION 1

1.2 PROJECT ROAD & AREA 1

1.3 SCOPE OF WORK 1

1.3.1 Overall Scope of Work 1

1.3.2 Environmental Impact Assessment in the Project 1

1.4 PROPOSED IMPROVEMENTS 1

1.5 APPROACH TO EA 3

1.5.1 Preliminary Environmental Screening 3

1.5.2 Review of Applicable Environmental Regulations 3

1.5.3 Assessment of Baseline Environmental Profile 3

1.5.4 Consultations 3

1.5.5 Assessment of Impacts 3

1.5.6 Assessment of Alternatives 3

1.5.7 Mitigations and Enhancement Measures 4

1.5.8 Environmental Management Action Plans 4

1.6 STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT 4

2.PROJECT DESCRIPTION 1

2.1 EXISTING ROAD FEATURES 1

2.1.1 Alignment 1

2.1.2 Right of way 1

2.1.3 Road inventory 1

2.1.4 Traffic 2

2.2 PROPOSED ROAD FEATURES 2

2.2.1 Alignment Proposal 2

2.2.2 Right of Way 2

2.2.3 Pavement 2

2.2.4 Geometric Design Aspects 2

2.2.5 Service roads 2

2.2.6 Underpasses 3

2.2.7 Cross Drainage Structures 3

2.2.8 Enhancement of Inventories 3

2.3 COST ESTIMATE 4

3.POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK 1

3.1 INSTITUTIONAL SETTING 1

3.2 THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK 1

3.3.1 Country Level Environmental Legislations 1

3.3.2 State Level Environmental Legislation 3

3.3.3 Other Legislations Applicable to Road Construction Projects 3

3.3.4 World Bank Operational Policies 3

3.3 Clearance Requirements for the Project 4

3.4 CONCLUSION 5

4.BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE 1

4.1 PROJECT AREA 1

4.2 PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 1

4.2.1 Meteorology 1

4.2.2 Land 3

4.2.3 Ambient Air Quality 4

4.2.4 Water 9

4.2.5 Noise 13

4.3 Biological Environment 14

4.3.1 Forest Areas 14

4.3.2 Road Side Trees 15

4.3.3 Fauna 16

4.4 Social Environment 16

4.4.1 Land Use 16

4.4.2 Settlement 17

4.4.3 Educational Institutes 18

4.4.4 Medical Facilities 18

4.4.5 Cultural Properties 18

4.4.6 Cattle Markets 19

4.4.7 Census Profile 19

4.4.8 Cropping Pattern and Crop Productivity 20

5.PUBLIC CONSULTATION 1

5.1 OBJECTIVES 1

5.2 CONSULTATION SESSIONS 1

5.2.1 Stake Holders Consultation 2

5.2.2 Consultations during Design 3

5.2.3 Location Specific Consultation Needs 5

5.3 IDENTIFICATION OF ISSUES 5

5.3.1 Issues Raised During Consultations 5

5.4 CONTINUED CONSULTATION 6

5.5 KEY FINDINGS OF THE CONSULTATION 7

6.IMPACT ASSESSMENT 1

6.1 PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 1

6.1.1 Meteorological Parameters 1

6.1.2 Land 1

6.1.3 Air 5

6.1.4 Water Resources 7

6.1.5 Noise levels 13

6.2 Biological Environment 15

6.2.1 Forest Areas 15

6.2.2 Roadside Plantations 16

6.2.3 Fauna 17

6.2.4 Aquatic Ecology 17

6.3 SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT 17

6.3.1 Human Use Values 17

6.3.2 Cultural Properties 19

6.3.3 Quality Of Life Values 22

6.4 CONCLUSION 23

7.ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES 1

7.1 WITH AND WITHOUT PROJECT ALTERNATIVES 1

7.1.1 Without Project Scenario 1

7.1.2 With Project Scenario 1

7.2 JUSTIFICATION FOR SELECTION 4

7.3 ALIGNMENT MODIFICATIONS 4

7.2.1 Rural Sections 4

7.2.2 Urban Sections 4

7.2.3 Bypass and Realignment Locations 4

7.2.4 Curve Improvement Locations 9

7.4 WIDENING / SERVICE ROAD OPTIONS 9

7.5 UNDERPASS / OVER PASS OPTION 11

7.6 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS 11

7.6.1 Improvement of air and noise quality 12

7.6.2 Avoidance of Impact of Sensitive, Cultural and Community Properties 12

7.6.3 Analysis of Nose Barrier Materials 12

8.MITIGATION, AVOIDANCE AND ENHANCEMENT MEASURES 1

8.1 INTRODUCTION 1

8.2 MITIGATION MEASURES PROPOSED 1

8.2.1 Meteorological Parameters 1

8.2.2 Land 1

8.2.3 Air Quality – Mitigation 5

8.2.4 Water – Mitigation 9

8.2.5 Noise - Mitigation 13

8.2.6 Biological Environment 18

8.2.6 Social Environment 24

8.3 ENHANCEMENT 33

8.3.1 Generic Enhancement Measures for Cultural Properties 33

8.3.2 Specific Enhancement 34

9.IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENT 1

9.1 INTRODUCTION 1

9.2 EXISTING ENVIRONMENTAL CELL, APRDC 1

9.3 IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS 1

9.3.1 Independent Consultant (IC) 1

9.3.2 Concessionaire 2

9.3.3 Contractor 3

9.4 Reporting System 4

9.5 Environmental Capacity Building 5

10.ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 1

10.1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (EMP) 1

10.1.1 Specific Activities by APRDC 1

10.1.2 Specific Activities by Concessionaire 1

10.2 SITE SPECIFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN 1

10.2.1 Cultural Properties 1

10.2.2 Sensitive Features 1

10.2.3 Community properties 2

10.3 IMPLEMENTATION OF EMP 2

10.4 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PROGRAMME 24

10.4.1 Monitoring of Earthworks Activities 24

10.4.2 Monitoring of Concessionaire's Facilities, Plant and Equipment 24

11.ENVIRONMENTAL BUDGET 1

11.1 BUDGET 1

11.2 RATES ADOPTED FOR ENVIRONMENTAL BUDGET 1

LIST OF TABLES

Table 2 1: Existing Cross Section details 1

Table 2 2: Existing Road Inventory 1

Table 2 3: Widening Options 2

Table 2 4: Summary of Proposed Horizontal Alignment 2

Table 2 5: Service road types and locations 2

Table 2 6: Proposed Structures 3

Table 2 7: Summary of Proposed Minor and Major Junctions 3

Table 2 8: Enhancement of Inventories 3

Table 2 9: Summary of Civil Cost Estimate 4

Table 3 10: Country Level Environmental Laws & Regulations 1

Table 3 11: World Bank Safeguard Policies 3

Table 3 12: Summary of Clearances & NOCs 4

Table 4 13: Project District wise Rainfall (mm) 1

Table 4 14: Air Pollution Receptors Types Identified along the Project Road 4

Table 4 15: Details of Monitoring Station for Air Quality Monitoring 5

Table 4 16: Ambient Air Quality within Project Corridor 6

Table 4 17: Details of Water Quality Monitoring Station 11

Table 4 18: Physical and Chemical Results 12

Table 4 19: Observed Noise Levels along Road 13

Table 4 20: Forest Areas along the Project Road 14

Table 4 21: List of Common Trees in the Project Area 15

Table 4 22: Land Use Pattern 16

Table 4 23: Major Settlements along HKR Road 17

Table 4 24: Census Details 20

Table 5 25: Public Consultation held at Different Stages of Project 1

Table 5 26: Public Consultations 3

Table 5 27: Addressal of General Issues and Concerns under the Project 6

Table 6 28: General Impacts on Environment 2

Table 6 29: Likely Impacts on Water Resources during the Construction Stage 7

Table 6 30: Peak Water Requirement for Construction 8

Table 6 31: Impact on Water Resources 12

Table 6 32: Noise Impacts 13

Table 6 33: Sensitive Receptors - Impacts 14

Table 6 34: Forest Area required on HKR Road 15

Table 6 35: Likely Impacts on Flora 16

Table 6 36: Impact on Community Properties 17

Table 6 37: Impact on Cultural Properties 19

Table 6 38: Proposed Land Requirement in the Project 22

Table 6 39: Impacted Properties and Squatters 23

Table 7 40: "With and Without" Project Scenarios - A Comparative Assessment 1

Table 7 41: Realignment Locations 5

Table 7 42: Service Road Alternatives 10

Table 7 43: Minimisation of Environmental Impacts 11

Table 7 44: Cost Analysis for Noise Barriers 13

Table 8 45: Summary of Mitigation on Impact on Land 1

Table 8 46: Mitigation Measures for Soil Contamination 2

Table 8 47: Details of Stone aggregates Quarries 4

Table 8 48: Details of Natural Sand Quarries 4

Table 8 49: Details of Borrow Areas Proposed 4

Table 8 50: Summary of Mitigations for Impacts on Air Quality 5

Table 8 51: Summary of Mitigations for Impacts on Water 9

Table 8 52: Water Resources – Mitigation 10

Table 8 53: Sources of Noise Pollution, Impacts and Generic Mitigation Measures 13

Table 8 54: Specific Noise Mitigation Measures 14

Table 8 55: Noise Impact on Sensitive Receptors and Mitigation 15

Table 8 56: Summary of Mitigations for Impacts on Biological Environment 18

Table 8 57: Forest Area Required 19

Table 8 58: Species Recommended in Urban Areas (Within 1 km of Last Dwelling) 21

Table 8 59: Species Recommended in Rural & Semi Urban Areas 21

Table 8 60: Species recommended for median plantation 22

Table 8 61: Proposed Truck Lay bye Locations 26

Table 8 62: list of Sensitive Cultural Properties - Mitigation 27

Table 8 63: List of Community Properties - Mitigation 30

Table 9 64: Summary of Reporting of Environmental components and Responsibilities 4

Table 9 65: Modules for Training 5

Table 10 66: Environmental Management Plan 3

Table 11 67: Environmental Budget 2

Table 11 68: Rates Adopted for Budget 7

Table 11 69: Rates Adopted For Noise Barrier Walls (Compound Walls) 10

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 1: Location of Project Road 2

Figure 2 2: TCS - 1: Typical Cross Section for Concentric Widening In Rural Area 5

Figure 2 3: TCS – 2 - Typical Cross Section with Service Road in Urban Areas 6

Figure 2 4: TCS –3: Typical Cross Section with Service Road in Semi Urban Areas 7

Figure 2 5: TCS - 4: Typical Cross Section for Eccentric Widening In Rural Area 8

Figure 2 6: TCS - 5: Typical Cross Section for Realignment 9

Figure 4 7: Seismic Zones of India 3

Figure 4 8: Locations of AAQ Stations 6

Figure 4 9: Manair Dam and Godavari River 9

Figure 4 10: Photographs of Water Bodies along the Project Corridor 10

Figure 4 11: Ground Water Exploitation in Andhra Pradesh 11

Figure 4 12: Locations of Noise Monitoring Stations 14

Figure 4 13: Photographs of some Educational Institutes along the Project Road 18

Figure 4 14: Photographs of Health Units along the Project Road 18

Figure 4 15: Photographs of Few Religious Properties along the Project Road 19

Figure 4 16: Photographs of Cattle Market at Garrepally 19

Figure 5 17: Photographs of Community Consultations along the project road 2

Figure 5 18: Stakeholders Consultations 3

Figure 7 19: Start of Realignment at Shamirpet and location of Proposed Alignment 6

Figure 7 20: Proposed Realignment at Shamirpet (Km 31.900) 6

Figure 7 21: Existing Curve and Start of Realignment at Duddeda 7

Figure 7 22: Proposed Realignment at Duddeda (Km 92.600) 8

Figure 7 23: Proposed Realignment at Duddeda (Km 92.600) 8

Figure 8 24: Photographs of Quarries 3

Figure 8 25: Oil interceptor Figure 8 26: Silt Fencing 12

Figure 8 25: Oil interceptor Figure 8 26: Silt Fencing 12

Figure 8 27: Rain Water Harvesting Structure 13

Figure 8 28: Compound Wall and Trees as Noise Barrier 15

Figure 8 29: Conceptual Landscaping Of Incidental Space 23

Figure 8 30: Thematic landscaping around intersections 24

Figure 8 31: Generic Design of Bus stand and stop 25

Figure 8 32: Generic Design of Rest Areas 25

Figure 8 33: Generic Design of Truck Lay-byes 26

Figure 8 34: Seating spaces 34

Figure 8 35: Conceptual Enhancement of Cattle Market at Garrepally 35

Figure 8 36: Conceptual Enhancement around water body at Km 82.100 (RHS) 36

Figure 8 37: Conceptual Enhancement around water body at Km 185.400 (LHS) 36

Figure 9 38: Proposed Organisation Chart 6

LIST OF BOXES

Box 6 1: Earth Quantities required and to be Utilised 3

Box 6 2: Shamirpet Lake – Impact 8

Box 6 3: School at Maqdoompur – Impact 14

Box 6 4: Katta Maisamma Temple, Mazar in Shamirpet & Hanuman Temple at Kondagalla - Impact 19

Box 8 5: Shamirpet Lake - Mitigation 10

Box 8 6: School at Maqdoompur - Mitigation 18

Box 8 7: Katta Maisamma Temple & Hanuman Temple - Mitigation 27

Box 8 8: Cattle Haat at Garrepally at Km 176.800 (RHS) - Enhancement 34

Box 9 9: Draft Terms of Reference for Environmental Specialist of Independent Consultant 1

Box 9 10: Qualification and Responsibilities of Environmental Officer of Concessionaire 2

Box 9 11: Qualification and Responsibilities of Environmental Officer of Contractor 3



ABBREVIATIONS

Abbreviations

Full Form

Abbreviations

Full Form

AAQ

Ambient Air Quality

LHS

Left Hand Side

AAQMS

Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station

MDR

Major District Roads

AIDS

Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome

MOEF

Ministry of Environment and Forests

APPCB

Andhra Pradesh State Pollution Control Board

MoRTH

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

APRDC

Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation

NAAQS

National Ambient Air Quality Standards

BOQ

Bill of Quantities

NGO

Non Governmental Organisations

BPL

Below Poverty Line

NH

National Highway

CE

Chief Engineer

NOC

No-objection Certificate

CD

Cross Drainage Works

NOX

Oxides of Nitrogen

CFO

Conclusive Forest Officer

ODR

Other District Roads

CO

Carbon Monoxide

OP

Operational Policies

CoI

Corridor of Impact

PAF

Project Affected Family

CPCB

Central Pollution Control Board

PAH

Project Affected Household

DE

Divisional Engineer

PAP

Project Affected Person

DFO

Divisional Forest Officer

PCC

Project Co-ordinating Consultants

DR

Drains

PD

Project Director

DLC

District Level Committee

PF

Protected Forest

EA

Environmental Assessment

PIU

Project Implementation Unit

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

PN

Plantation

EIRR

Economic Internal Rate of Return

PPP

Public Private Partnership

EIS

Environmental Impact Statements

PPR

Preliminary Project Report

EMP

Environmental Management Plan

PT

Plain Terrain

EPM

Enhanced Periodic Maintenance

PWD

Public Works Department

ERMP

Environmental and Resettlement

R&R

Resettlement and Rehabilitation

FGD

Focus Group Discussions

RAP

Resettlement Action Plan

GEMS

Global Environmental Monitoring System

RAS

Rapid Assessment Survey

GO

Government Order

RF

Reserved Forest

GoI

Government of India

RHS

Right Hand Side

GoAP

Government of Andhra Pradesh

ROW

Right of Way

GWQMS

Ground Water Quality Monitoring Station

RPM

Respiratory Particulate Matter

HC

Hydrocarbons

RT

Rolling Terrain

HD

Highways Department

SC

Supervision Consultant

HQ

Head Quarters

SA

Social Assessment

IAR

Indian Archaeological / Historical / Religious Features

SH

State Highways

IBRD

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

SO2

Sulphur Dioxide

IC

Independent Consultant

SOS

Strategic Options Study

IE

Independent Engineer

SPCB

State Pollution Control Board

IMO

Indian Meteorological Organization

SPM

Suspended Particulate Matter

IRC

Indian Roads Congress

SWQMS

Surface Water Quality Monitoring Station

IS

Indian Standard

TDS

Total Dissolved Solids

JD

Joint Director

VGF

Viability GAP Funding Board

LAO

Land Acquisition Officer

WB

World Bank
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